Habitat for Humanity Madagascar
Habitat's work in Madagascar
Madagascar News and Stories
The housing need in Madagascar
Madagascar is prone to tropical cyclones and the accompanying torrential rains, which in recent years have left thousands of people homeless. Madagascar’s decent housing deficit is estimated at more than 2 million.
Madagascar is the 147th poorest country out of 177 countries. 75 percent of its population lives in rural areas as farmers. However the rate of urbanization is 29 percent which is very high, meaning that there are increasing slum areas with poor housing conditions in the urban areas. More than half of its population does not have access to safe drinking water, and 87 percent do not have adequate sanitation facilities. This is an increasing problem in urban areas as the population is increasing so rapidly.
Families earn what they can through domestic farming, carpentry, craft and embroidery. However, with their low incomes, most do not own land or have access to credit from traditional lending institutions. Their houses are usually little more than shacks made from compacted mud and poorly attached thatched roofs, which provide little or no protection from diseases, robbery and cyclones.
Habitat homeowner Harimahefa Meriniaina Ernest lives with his wife, daughter and sister-in-law in the Habitat community of Manjakandriana. Habitat Madagascar has built 47 houses on this hillside.
A house part of the slum upgrading project in Moramanga. Razafiarisoa Marie Perine sweeps the yard at the end of the build.
Habitat for Humanity in Madagascar
Habitat Madagascar is currently building houses in the East, Central Highland, West, South Highland and Northwest regions. Most of the projects underway are in rural or sub-urban areas but urban slum upgrading has started to be a key component of the program. The first urban project started in the municipality of Moramanga in 2008 and in 2009 an urban renewal project started in the city of Toliara in the South of the country.
Houses are built in stages, generally starting from a core house of one or two rooms to keep it affordable and to serve more families in need. House faoundations are made of stone or fired clay bricks and then covered with concrete floors, while the walls are made of clay brick and mortar. When local climate permits, clay tiles are used for the roofs and windows and doors are made of eucalyptus. These materials are locally produced and come from renewable sources. The program is sustainable and keeps housing costs affordable for families in need.
Download Building Connections (529kb .pdf) and learn how you can get involved with Habitat’s Global Village volunteer program to Madagascar.
Capital : Antananarivo
Population : 19,625,000
Rate of urbanization: 29 percent
Population with primary access to a clean water source: 11 percent
When the program started: 2000
Video : HFH Madagascar on YouTube
Housing Solutions : New Houses, Water and Sanitation, Urban Renewal