- When Habitat started in Bulgaria: 2001
- Individuals served in FY16: 3,510*
- Volunteers hosted in FY16: 153
- Housing solutions: Building of new homes, Repairs and renovations of homes, Housing microfinance, Social housing projects, Advocacy
*includes construction and market development
- Capital: Sofia
- Main country facts: Joined the EU in 2007
- Population: 7.14 million
- Urbanization: 73.9 percent live in cities
- Life expectancy: 74.5 years
- Unemployment rate: 10.1 percent
- Population living below poverty line: 21.8 percent
Find more country facts on: CIA The World Factbook – Bulgaria
Habitat for Humanity in Bulgaria
Habitat for Humanity Bulgaria has been active since 2001. It runs a diverse, innovative program tailored to meet the local housing need. Habitat Bulgaria works not only with families and individuals to improve their current housing situation but provides support also to communities by partnering with community-based social support organizations, adding value to their activities.
The housing need in Bulgaria
During communism, the national government provided families with housing. Once a market economy took hold, the responsibility for housing fell on the local authorities, who have no resources to deal with the problem. As a result, more and more homes need major repairs while many homeowners cannot afford even basic maintenance of their flats. The EU accession significantly increased the cost of property in Bulgaria, especially in the big cities, pricing more and more families out of the market.
The majority of Bulgarians own a house or a flat, but they struggle to maintain them. Many live in big blocks of flats constructed 40- 50 years ago. Maintenance of these buildings has become a severe challenge for the homeowners, as the structures are rapidly deteriorating. At the same time, social housing programs have been cancelled and low-income families have no options to improve their living conditions.
How Habitat addresses the need in Bulgaria
Habitat Bulgaria is influencing markets by developing new micro-finance and thermal insulation products, which improve the affordability of the home improvements and energy-saving repairs. The organization is actively taking part in the housing-related policy-making at the national and the local levels providing societal support with regard to poverty housing, social housing, residential energy efficiency, and integration of marginalized and vulnerable groups of the population.
Here are some examples of Habitat projects in Bulgaria:
Fighting poverty and child neglect
Habitat Bulgaria provides interest-free, short-term financing for home improvements and urgent housing interventions to socially vulnerable and marginalized families. The organization works together with local community-based partners and adds value to the social support services they offer in the communities. Habitat Bulgaria´s products are leveraged to maximize the effects of interventions designed to address health care, school attendance, maternity and social skills. Additional support is provided through training in financial literacy, home maintenance and energy saving, developed by Habitat Bulgaria. The main knowledge concepts are also included in the innovative board game “The District”. The board game is designed for children aged 8+ and presents basic knowledge and concepts in a fun and interactive way.
Development of innovations and social enterprise
Habitat Bulgaria has developed an innovative thermal insulation products made of recycled textiles and textile waste. The innovation won the “Innovation of 2015” award of the Union of the Inventors in Bulgaria and the Bulgarian Patents Office. The thermal insulation developed by Habitat Bulgaria is competitive to the mineral wools and may be produced at much lower cost, thus improving the affordability of the energy-saving home improvements. The ambition is to establish a facility for the production of the newly-developed thermal insulation as a social enterprise and an independent source of revenue for Habitat Bulgaria.
Advocacy and coalition building
Habitat for Humanity Bulgaria has been actively involved in the housing-related policy making at the national and local levels. The organization has influenced a number of national strategic and legislative framework documents, providing social housing opportunities and access to funding for energy efficiency renovations to more than 150,000 people. Habitat Bulgaria led the establishment and coordinates the work of the National Coalition for Home Improvements - “Decent Home”, which comprises 34 members - including corporations, professional chambers, non-governmental organizations, professional and sectorial associations, national networks and municipalities. Habitat Bulgaria is working on all housing and housing-related national programs, strategies and laws and is providing discussion platforms such as the National Housing Forum held every second year in Bulgaria. The organization is also advocating for the elimination of housing poverty in Bulgaria - as a member of the National Council for Cooperation on Ethnic and Immigration Issues, responsible for the development of the new National Roma Integration Strategy, and by taking numerous policy positions both as a national Habitat organization and in coalition with other stakeholders.
Meet a Habitat family
Milko and Veronika Georgiev rent a small two-room apartment where they lived with their three children – Christiyan (14), Mario (9) and Eva (5). The apartment was too cold and wet during the winter and this worried Veronika as the health of her children is her biggest concern. Milko and Veronika are both employed but they cannot afford to buy a new, bigger home for their family. Milko heard about Habitat Bulgaria´s project in Kostinbrod from his sister and applied to become a homeowner. They were impatiently awaiting the project completion and their move to the new house where now the kids have their own room with new furniture and where they play in the yard and enjoy everything that a happy childhood has to offer.
What you can do
You can help needy Bulgarian families improve their living conditions by taking one or more of the following actions:
Volunteer: Join one of the scheduled Global Village trips to Bulgaria or lead your own.
Tithe: Establish a strong and rewarding tithe partnership to help build houses globally! Quote 811200, BULGARIA on your checks sent to: Habitat for Humanity International, Attn: Affiliate Tithe, 121 Habitat St. Americus, GA 31709
To learn more about Habitat projects in Bulgaria, please contact us.
Denitsa Ilieva, RD&C Coordinator
Habitat for Humanity Bulgaria
Besim Nebiu, Associate Director of Operations
Habitat for Humanity Europe, Middle East and Africa